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Glossary / B 

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Benzole absorption cooler, or benzole washing unit:

an apparatus designed to absorb benzole from the coke oven gas using washing oil.

Benzole stripping column:

a still distillation column, also commonly referred to as a ‘benzole stripper’. The apparatus is used to remove benzole from the washing oil by means of steam.

Blast furnace coke:

coke used to power blast furnaces. Blast furnace coke has particularly strong properties to support the chemical process and the heavy loads in the blast furnace without disintegrating from the high temperatures in the furnace. It is also referred to as ‘metallurgical coke’.

Box-cut:

small open-cut created to provide a secure and safe portal to access an underground mine.

Brownfield sites:

abandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilities available for re-use.

BTXs (benzene, toluene and xylene) also known as BTEX or BTX fraction:

is the term used for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene-volatile aromatic compounds typically found in petroleum products, such as gasoline and diesel fuel. BTX fraction is mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) containing benzene, toluene and xylene which are produced during the process of making coke from coal.

By-product:

material other than the principal product generated by an industrial process.