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Glossary / G 

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Gateroad development:

allows the coal seam to be accessed, and for material and people to travel to and from the coal face. Longwall panels are demarcated by a set of interconnected underground gateroads.


Gross Domestic Product is the total value of all goods and services produced within a particular economy in a given period of time.

Gearing ratio:

gearing ratio is defined as net debt divided by EBITDA (calculated on a twelve-month rolling basis).

Greenfield sites:

undeveloped land in a city or rural area either used for agriculture, landscape design, or left to naturally evolve. These areas of land are usually agricultural or amenity properties being considered for urban development.


Global Reporting Initiative is a non-profit organisation that promotes economic, environmental and social sustainability. GRI provides all companies and organisations with a comprehensive sustainability reporting framework that is widely used around the world.