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Glossary / S 

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full name Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. A German multinational software corporation that makes enterprise software to manage business operations and customer relations. SAP develops ERP products to be used by companies to manage their enterprise. This includes managing their day-to-day operations, logistics, finances, month end, quarter end and yearly activities, reporting, HR etc.


a geological structure containing a series of layers of coal, shale and other mineral materials of varying thicknesses.


a mine working (usually vertical) used to transport miners, supplies, ore and waste.

Shaft deepening projects:

projects to deepen the shaft to mine more, previously unreachable coal.

Skip bucket:

a type of bucket used to take the extracted coal from the underground to the surface.


high ash reject material from the fine coal washing circuits that can be recovered and re-processed to sell as additional coal blending it with other products.

Stamp charging process:

during the stamp charging process the carefully ground and mixed coal is compacted outside the coke oven, into a stable coal blocks with almost the same dimensions as the oven chamber and the resulting block is pushed into the oven.

Stamping and pushing machine:

at the coking plant the carefully ground and mixed coal charge from the coal tower comes to the storage bins of the stamping and pushing machine. With the use of automatic stamping and pushing facility it is stamped into coal blocks. These blocks are then inserted into the coking chamber by the use of a charging plate.

St Barbara Civic Association:

Saint Barbara Civic Association was founded 24 July 2004 for the purpose of helping children, whose at least one parent died as a result of an accident at work, mostly in the coalmine industry. The Association currently has 87 records in Czech, Polish and Slovak children, which contributes to the study, leisure activities and supports the care of their health.

Steam coal:

coal used for steam generation principally in thermal power plants.

Subfloor mining:

Mining of raw materials from a level located underneath the fresh air intake floor. Subfloor mining may sometimes refer to any mining activities if the longwall panel is operated below the haulage floor.